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 How to use the apt command to install packages

The apt command is used within a terminal window to install software on the Raspberry Pi. Apt is also used to update and remove the Raspbian software which is also know as packages.

You will often find references to the apt-get command on guides and advice online. apt-get was previously used but most functions are now available in apt. So for this guide I will use the apt command.

I will go through the steps to install and remove a package using Raspbian.

This guide will also work if your are using any Debian based operating system on any computer.

 

Terminal icon
 To load the terminal either select the terminal icon on the menu bar of the Desktop or from the Accessories menu.

 

For this example we will install the game Frozen Bubble2. A colour based Puzzle game similar to the arcade game Bust-a-Moves or Puzzles Bubble

The apt command needs to know what the latest available packages are. As there are updates most days this should be done before you install any software each day.  To update the package list use the command sudo apt update.

The sudo command give you temporary permissions to use the apt command. Without this you would not have permission to make any changes.

apt-get update command

  Various information will be displayed while it updates. Once it has finished type in sudo apt install frozen-bubble

apt install

 Often at this stage you will get some information about what is going to be installed and do you want to continue Y/N

If this happens enter Y. In this case I was not asked.

 

That's it, Frozen Bubble is installed and now in the main menu under Games

FrozenBubble2 Pi Menu

Now you can start playing

Frozen Bubble 2 GameMenu

 When a packages is installed other software packages may get installed that you have not selected as they are required for your package to work.

Sometimes though your program will not work when you run it. If you run the program in terminal you will get a message saying why the program did not run. You can then look into what additional packages you need to install to get the program working or search the internet for further help.

 Frozen Bubble2 Game

How to Un-install a package

To un-install Frozen-bubble use the remove command.

sudo apt remove frozen-bubble

 

Search for Packages

If you are not sure what the name of the program you want is you can do a search which will list all the packages with the word you enter. You can then see what the correct name is to install the package.

So I want to install that game again, you know colour bubble or whatever it is called. I know bubble is in the name so I enter the command

sudo apt search bubble

Note: if you haven't done an update recently then use  sudo apt update before you search.

 apt search

You will see a list of all packages with matching results including Frozen-Bubble

 

Clean up

If you install and remove lots of packages then it is a good idea to do an occasional clean up to make sure no unneeded files and packages are left behind.

Use sudo apt autoremove

 

Check what Packages are installed

To get a list of the software packages that are already installed on Raspbian enter the command dpkg --get-selections

If you just want to find out if a package is installed already use dpkg --get-selections | grep packagename
if you are unsure of the name you can enter any text after grep, all results containg that word will be shown.